David Hockney, born in 1937, is a British painter, draughtsman, and photographer celebrated as a crucial contributor to the pop art movement of the 1960s. Known for his vibrant color palette and diverse range of mediums, Hockney's work often explores themes of sexuality, personal relationships, and the nature of seeing. His iconic piece "Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures)" depicts a blend of the cool, shimmering aesthetics of California and intimate personal narrative. This painting set Hockney's auction record, selling for $90.3 million in 2018, a record for a work by a living artist at the time. Hockney remains active, continually experimenting with digital technology in art.